General Joseph Martin Chapter

Cumberland Gap, TN


Cumberland Gap Patriot

Hardy Murphy

Hardy Murfree, Revolutionary war hero at Stony point, was born on June 5, 1752, in Hertford county NC. At the age of 23, Murfree was made a Captain in the 2nd NC Regiment. Murfree's first battle was at the siege of Norfolk VA, where at 4 am, the British set fire city  to the city of Norfolk because the  citizens refused to give the British supplies. The NC  Continental line could do nothing to stop the British from burning the city.
 In June 1776, the 2nd NC Regiment was sent to guard the coastal defenses of Charleston Sc. On June28, 1776 The British tried to to capture the city of Charleston, but failed.
      On Oct 4, 1777, Murfree was with the 2nd NC Line  at Germantown. Murfree watched in horror as General Francis Nash was mortally wounded when his leg was blown off with a British cannonball. The 2nd NC carried Nash's body to Towamencin Pa where Nash would later die. Nash's last words before he died were "From the first dawn of the Revolution, I have been on the side of liberty and country".
 On July 16, 1779 during the battle of Stony Point, Murfree led a diversionary action by placing  the 2nd NC in front of the fort who began to fire on the British while other patriots stormed the Fort. This brave tactic led to the British defeat at Stony Point.
      After Stony Point, the 2nd NC was stationed at West point NY. In November 1779 , the 2nd NC began its march to Charleston Sc to protect the city of Charleston against British invasion. The 2nd NC line marched though snow drifts over 3 feet deep. The 2nd NC arrived in Charleston in march 1780 to find a poorly defended city. In May 1780, the British captured Charleston
 On July 17, 1781, at the Battle of Skinners Bridge located on the Mehenny River near Murfreesboro NC, Murfree defeated Tarleton, and repulsed the British cavalry from the region.
   On September 8, 1781, at the Battle of Eutaw Springs, The 2nd NC line brought order to a battle where  the British almost annihilated the NC militia when they broke rank and ran during a bayonet charge. The 2nd Nc suffered more casualties than any other Patriot unit during this battle..
  After the war in 1807, Murfree moved to Tennessee after receiving a 5000 acre land grant, and settled at Murfree's point near Canonburg Tn. The town of Canonburg was changed to Murfreesboro , after William Lytle, the largest landholder in the region, agreed to donate 160 acres to the town if the would change the name to Mufreesboro in honor of Hardy Murfree.
  Murfree died on April 6, 1809. Murfree was buried on a family farm in present day Franklin TN.
     One of Murfree's sons, William Murfree became a United States Congressman for the district of present day Murfreesboro between 1813-1817. the Treaty of Ghent that ended the War of 1812 became the most important issue that would be discussed by this Congress.

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