Marion, one of the first patriots to move to Hawkins county TN. Marion
help bring about the defeat of Burgoyne at Saratoga and Cornwallis at
Marion was born on September 21, 1756 in Gloucester County VA. In 1776
at the age of 20, Marion joined the Virginia 7th regiment
under Captain Morris.
first major battle was at Saratoga. On September 19, 1777, Marion
along with other soldiers of the Virginia 7th almost
defeated Burgoyne at the first battle of Saratoga, also known as the
battle of Freeman’s Farm. Had the Continental army not ran out of
ammunition and Burgoyne not received reinforcements from the Hessian
army, the Americans would have won this battle.
17, 1777, Burgoyne surrendered after his 6000 man army was surrounded
by 20000 Continental troops and local militia and he had lost almost
1000 men due to casualties in the three week battle. Had the British
won at Saratoga, New England would have been split and isolated from
the rest of the colonies with the British controlling the Hudson River
December 1777 until June 1778, Marion was at Valley Forge under the
command of Colonel A. MCclanachan. There were 13 Virginia regiments at
Valley Forge. During the harsh winter months, the Virginia soldiers
fared better on clothing than the rest of the army due to Governor
Patrick Henry sending 15000 British pounds worth of woolens (about
18000 dollars worth of wool clothing) for the Virginia troops.
of Clothing was a major problem at Valley Forge General John Sullivan
wrote a letter to the Continental Congress about the lack of clothing.
In his letter he stated the following:
Army is without Watch coats, one- half without blankets and coats.
One- third without shoes, stockings, breeches and jackets and several
officers are almost naked due to the deterioration of their clothing”
clothing caused a major part of deaths at Valley Forge By the end of
February 1778, over 2500 troops had died due to disease, hunger and
lack of clothing, nearly one-third of the men at Valley Forge and over
3000 troops deserted with over 2000 of them joining the British Army.
battle of Monmouth, Marion went back to Gloucester county VA for a
while. In 1779, Marion met Tabitha Barnett and was soon married. They
would have 9 children from this union.
next major battle was the battle of Petersburg. Petersburg is often
referred to as a minor skirmish with major implications. On April 24,
1781, Marion and the other1000 VA militia under the command of
Brigadier General Peter Muhlenberg defeated over 2500 British soldiers
under the command of Major General William Phillips. This American
victory gave Lafayette time to entrench Richmond and prevent a second
sacking of the city. On January 4, 1781, most of Richmond had been
burned down to the ground by the traitor Benedict Arnold when then
Governor Thomas Jefferson refused to hand over the storehouses of
tobacco. Richmond would not face such devastation again until the
last battle was at the battle of Yorktown. Most battles during the
revolutionary war were won by the Infantry. Yorktown was primarily an
Artillery battle between the continental and French artillery and the
British Artillery. From October9-17, the continentals fired 1700
shells into the British fortifications. In a 9 day battle over15300
shells were fired at the British line. The British on average only
fired 6 shells per hour for the next 9 days due to most of their
artillery being knocked out during the intense Continental
bombardment. On October 19, 1781, Cornwallis surrendered.
war, Marion moved his family to Hawkins county TN (present day Hancock
County). In 1832, Marion applied for a pension in Hawkins County. In
the 1840s, Marion moved to the border of Lee County VA-Hancock county
TN line. On October 30, 1843 Marion died and was buried in the
Thompson- Whitehead-Wilder cemetery. Locate in Lee county VA near
Thompson settlement Baptist church.
September 23, 2006, Members of the Martin Station SAR Chapter VASSAR
from Lee county VA and Members of The General Joseph Martin Chapter
TNSSAR from Claiborne County TN held a SAR marker graveside service
for Samuel Marion.